Here are some cognitive architectures that others have devised, with a particular focus on narrative consciousness. 

Julian Jaynes

Consciousness and the Voices of the Mind

Wilma Bucci

Dissociation from the Perspective of Multiple Code Theory, Part 1

Taisuke Akimoto

Story Centric View on the Mind

Kyushu Institute of Technology, Fukuoka, Japan

Abstract. The basic assumption of the present study is that the essence of the human mind is to generate stories by interacting with environments, or to interact with environments by generating stories. In this context, a story refers to a mental representation of an individual’s subjective world including the past, present, future, and fiction. This assumption leads us to a consistent and plausible understanding of the human mind and realization of a human-like artificial intelligence. In this paper, I present an exploratory computer-oriented theory on the mind by ways of a story-centric view. The theory comprises two concepts. First, the mind is described as an interactive story generation system between the narrator-self and a story that has the power of self-organization. Second, the interrelationship among stories is put in focus, and the generative process of stories is described in terms of the mutual actions between them. Furthermore, these two concepts are adapted to characterization of the conscious and unconscious mind.

Narrative structure in the mind: Translating Genette’s narrative discourse theory into a cognitive system 


An episodic memory is considered to be mentally encoded or constructed information instead of a copy of the past events. However, the mechanism that constructs episodic memory has not been systematically formulated in previous studies on cognitive architecture and system. In this study, the term ‘‘story” is used, rather than episodic memory, to refer to a mental representation of temporally and linguistically organized events and entities. The main difference between a story and an episodic memory is that a story involves a form of mental representation, while the definition of an episodic memory is generally based on the function or content (i.e., it enables the recollection of past events). A story is considered as a uniform mental representation involving episodic memory, current situation, prospective memory, planned or imagined future, and fiction. To ensure systematic formulation of the story-form memory construction, this study introduces Genette’s narrative discourse theory, which is a representative work in narratology. Genette provided a systematic classification of terms used to describe a narrative structure, with particular focus on how a narrative is structured on a text instead of what is told. In this study, Genette’s narratological terms are analogically translated to methods of story-form memory construction in a cognitive system. Furthermore, the narratological methods are rearranged using cognitive terms including temporal segmentation of the world, generalization of stories, theory of mind, metacognition, self-formation, memory organization, and sociocultural aspect of cognition. Thus, a story is characterized as integrative, multifaceted, and multifunctional information in the mind.

Roger Schank

Computer understanding of natural language

Bruce Eldine Morton

Multiple Authors:

Simulating multi-agent narratives for pre-occupancy evaluation of architectural designs

The Role of Evaluation-Driven Rejection in the Successful Exploration of a Conceptual Space of Stories

Great References

Samsonovich, A. V. (Ed.). (2020). Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures 2019. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-25719-4 




Narrative Learning Environments

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Handbook Of KR

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